Since the emergence of Arab - Israeli conflict in the forties of the last century, and the issue of Jerusalem occupies the center of attention , the fact that the matter before that it was not place of conflict, Jerusalem is accepted was a land Arab - Islamic under British occupation , and accepted under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, then appeared maps internationalism , which calls for the division of the land of Palestine between the two entities , one Jewish Israeli and the other Palestinian Arabic , Jerusalem, considered an area under international trusteeship , because they include a home run areas and religious symbols are important in the lives of the three great monotheistic religions ( Muslim , Christian and Jewish ). After the founding entity of the Hebrew, quickly seized control of Israel on the land of Jerusalem, and annexed it as the capital of the State of Israel , at a time which calls for the Palestinians to be the capital of their state, and in front of this intersection accelerated Israel's change of pace demographic Jerusalem through settlement, until it became possible declaration of a Palestinian state alone where difficult, some say impossible .
As long as the Palestinians and later the Arabs and Islamists consider Jerusalem mosque Aqsa is the focus of the sacred can not be neutral about, and the same is considered by Jews for Jerusalem and the Wailing Wall , who believe in him and in the establishment of the Temple of Solomon , after the return of the Jews to the Promised Land reason for the emergence of Christ. Here we will be in front of the reluctance of historical , religious, geographical and political , can not be resolved to spend Israel on the Palestinians , and the Palestinians obtaining the eastern parts of Jerusalem away from the most important holy places namely the Al - Aqsa Mosque .
In this paper, we will focus on what can be put on a proposed compromise solutions to the issue of Jerusalem, being one of the issues that have not been resolved between the Palestinian and Israeli sides .