IRAQI Woman in the vision of peace according to the United Nation norms
Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences,
2013, Volume 2, Issue 7, Pages 123-155
AbstractThe woman is an essential partner in the process of building peace and taking care of activating her participation in the rise of her community that is overcoming a conflict, i.e. in a stage of post-conflict which matter has come to be a realization of the potentials enjoyed by the woman if opportunities shall be accorded to her on an equal basis away from discrimination.
In fact, the woman has acquired an important space of the nations care as after laying down the convention of the united nations in 1945, then an international rule was formulated on the basis of which all the international declarations, resolutions and statements were launched, i.e. equality between man and woman on all the levels without discrimination as woman constitutes a basic heart for the life of all of its aspects. Hence, and if we are to talk about human rights and protecting the same, then no active and integrated protection would be achieved unless the woman’s rights shall be protected on the basis of equality. As for the impact of the armed conflicts and struggles, then the impacts of the same on the community may not be thoroughly analyzed regarding the social, economic, cultural, political and security aspects unless the impacts of the same on woman shall be considered in addition to the violations sustained by her particularly being a woman and specially, the sexual violations as well as the impact of violence practiced against her in reducing her sharing the solving of the dispute and the operations of supporting peace as violence leads to challenges resulted from the position of the woman during the time of the conflict and thereafter.
However, and to confirm the close relationship between woman, peace and development, then the beginnings of the twenty first century witnessed a set of the essential resolutions issued by the Security Council affiliated with the United Nations of which mainly was the resolution No. 1325 issued in 2000 followed by the resolutions Nos. 1820 and 1888 in 2008 and the resolution No. 1889 in 2009 which all in all pointed at the position of woman and her rights as well as the necessity to lay down an international and national strategy to cause her to share her protection against the impacts of the conflict and participating in solving the same in addition to the peace processes. In fact, and by connecting between the said resolutions and their provisions, then the position of the Iraqi woman does not go beyond the standards laid down by the United Nations related to the woman and peace for which the question raised here is the actual extent reached by Iraq in implementing such standards after giving more than ten years passed as from issuing the resolution of the Security Council No. 1325 in 2000 and following the disputes witnessed by Iraq as well as the efforts aimed at building peace therein shared by the Iraqi woman as well as analyzing the position of the Iraqi woman from the political, social, cultural and economic aspects after which we shall be capable of measuring the extent of progress in having Iraq implemented the requirements of the resolution of the Security Council No 1325.
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