Political Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes
Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences,
2013, Volume 2, Issue 5, Pages 254-289
Europe experienced in the first decades of the seventeenth century, a gradual process of liberalization of political philosophy from the link theology, and imparted the secular character of intellectual interests. The idea times normal again, an idea hypothetical objective confirmation of the freedom and equality of individuals and the return of power to the origin of my people, and has taken this idea two directions, the direction optimistic, which stems from the era of natural RPR simplicity and virtue, and the man was living in happiness, and that the State spent on these happiness. While the pessimistic direction, is considered to be the life of the jungle is that prevailed in the society and the natural state formation spent on these disadvantages finding Laws governing the lives of individuals. Then came the idea of the contract, which is an extension of the idea of natural age, to explain the phenomenon of the state and its authority. Hobbs came his theory in the social contract, adding a new contribution in political thought. In book (Alliviathan) the body of his political ideas in the state that protects the vulnerable from attack mighty and intermediary organizations. The research hypothesis came that Hobbes bearer individual and Alatalaqah, but defended his absolute rule system based on the theory of natural law and the social contract and not on the theory of divine right. As this study was to clarify the philosophical and intellectual construction of Hobbes, in the interpretation of contract theory and how to set up absolute rule on the basis of the benefit of individuals indicating the logical sequence for his theory that rely on causality and the analytical method and the conclusions reached by the final.
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