Abstract This research compares the role of the mother in the transfer of Iraqi nationality to her children under the provisions of the law of the new Iraqi nationality and its role in this area under the previous legislation of Iraqi nationality. Search and ends with the new law to record a remarkable development in this area, especially in the area of the imposition of the Iraqi national origin. However, taken on a new Iraqi Nationality Law of the text on the back case of the acquisition of Iraqi citizenship based on birth in an Iraqi mother abroad, which is a contradiction with the position taken by the new law. And taken to the law and also in not taking explicitly the issue of children's acquisition of Iraqi nationality depending on the acquisition of the mother, leaving her in that matter of administrative interpretations and explanations. Therefore, this research addresses the role of the mother in the original grant Iraqi nationality and acquired for their children.