The right of ownership of the properties it is the right collector, ie, they entitle the owner of the authorities of the University of Use, exploitation and disposal, if that's the case, it is true question of the scope of this right to any shop, which are exercised by these authorities? .It is obvious that the answer is clear in terms of identifying these authorities something owned by the same, and this is what is supposed to be this thing a specific manner distinguishes it from other things, and know the place of this right does not raise any difficulty for the movables, because these things by virtue of the possibility of transfer, it has independent entity and is separate from the other stuff, but it is not so readily if it came with a drug, so that the real estate by virtue of its persistence and sticking to each other does not distinguish from the other as is the case in the portables, which raises disputes between landlords neighbors, but this has passed a law the Iraqi Civil Under Article (1060) for each owner to force his neighbor to set limits on their property adjacent, but the questions raised in this regard is how to install the limits of real estate? What are the legal nature of the responsibility of the surveyor, if a mistake in the installation of the limits of real estate? It is the binding to compensate the property owner for the damages sustained by it because of this error in the installation of the border? What is the legal provision for a property owner to build on the property next door and owned by the surveyor is due to an error in the installation of the border, which led to encroach upon his neighbor's property? .These questions and others that led us to choose a topic we discussed this humble, so, we dealt with this subject in the demand for preliminary and the two sections as stated in the demand primer How is the process of installing the limits of properties while we dealt with the topic the first legal basis for the responsibility of the Surveyor Civil In the second section dealt with the effects of legal responsibility Surveyor Civil and research we have completed the most important conclusion Ordna findings and recommendations, which we reached.