Siberia is one of the most important areas of wealth in the world. It has magnitude and variety of primary resources, especially energy, such as oil and gas. Due to its geographical proximity to China and the far distance from the Russian power state, this gave China along with its economic and human capabilities a significant progress, contributing the feasibility of large and long-term investment to the resources of Siberia. The Russian state was politically and economically concerned by this presence with this intensity for the concentration of the most resources of the Russian economic power despite the cooperation between the Russian and Chinese in several areas to benefit from these resources. This research adopted a descriptive and analytical approach with respect to the overcrowding of resources in that area. The speed China with the cheap labor and technical and economic capabilities has been noticeable. This has been met by the decline of Russian tactics. The findings showed that the presence of China is an important presence though it has been under the umbrella of Russia, that is the country with the great military and economic power in the world. It is one of the Security Prominent as well.