There is no doubt that the attention to the childhood has a great influence to the society, The present children are the man of the future, Stemming from this point the international, regional and internal efforts try to dedicate the criminal protection to this weakened class. One of these efforts have been exerted by the Iraqi legislation. The Iraqi legislator has issued many laws which aim to provide protection and safety to the children such these laws are the Juvenile Welfare Act and Child Care Act as well as the other texts that found in the Iraq punishments law. Although these laws assure and abide to ensure the safety and protect this stratum, what is disseminated at present, that there is a phenomenon needs an attention especially from the legislation point of view which is the abandon of the child and kill them. We hear many news that a new baby was found on the road, in front of the mosque or on the rubbish place whatever the baby is dead or still alive. The researcher attempts to know to what extend the Iraqi legislation texts have dealt with this topic. This study adopts the analytic approach by studying the texts and analyse them in order to reach to practical solution for this issue.