THE UNITED NATIONS’ MECHANISMS TO CONFRONT AND DETER THE GENOCIDE OF MINORITIES
Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences,
2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 35 part 1, Pages 198-226
AbstractNotwithstanding the efforts exerted by the United Nations to confront genocide of minorities, which culminated in the adoption of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide on 9 December 1948, and the establishment of a number of interim international criminal tribunals, as well as the International Criminal Court, which had a prominent role in opposing and detaining its perpetrators, the crime is still being perpetrated in different parts of the world. The United Nations has therefore resorted to a number of other mechanisms to address this crime, most notably endorsing Responsibility to Protect (R2P) commitment, founding the United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention, the protection of civilians and international cooperation.In order to investigate these mechanisms, this study consists of sections to deal with each mechanism individually. Finally, the study ends up with a set of conclusions drawn from the research.Key words: the United Nations, genocide, crime, human rights, international.
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