The transfer of public ownership to the private sector is one of the most recent developments. The process of transferring public ownership to private ownership reflects different hopes. Its supporters see it as a way to improve the quality of production and increase it. They see it as a door to the difficulties that will face society in general and the citizen in particular. In order to implement the policy of privatization, and to achieve the desired objectives, it is necessary to accompany the implementation of many economic, political and social reforms, as there are a number of factors that have a significant impact on the success of privatization, and there are obstacles to the success of the policy of privatization.The aim of this study is to identify the most important factors and obstacles that must be followed in order to achieve the means for which the privatization policy was implemented, because privatization is a means by itself and not a goal. The objective of this method is to create an economic structure in which projects are highly efficient , And has a major role in the pursuit of economic growth and stability sought by the majority of the world.