In this thesis we show the importance of the oil variable in the Chinese foreign policy towards the Arab Gulf region especially after the growing strength of China and the growing of political, economic and military role . They growing position in the international political system and China seeks to achieve a set of aims that enable it to continue the process of modernization, economic progress and maintain world peace. The thesis starts in the problematic of conflicting opinions on the future of China and the role that can China play in the international arena, particularly in the Arab Gulf. We assume in this research that oil variable has a great influence on Chinese foreign policy towards the Arab Gulf region. This variable has given a set of motives and interests that exist between China and the countries in the Arab Gulf region. There is a direct relationship between oil variable and Chinese policy towards the Arab Gulf. The results of this research denotes that China adopt an effective and influential foreign policy towards the countries of Arab Gulf region in a Manner consistent with both size and intensity of Chinese interests in that vital region of the world. The Arab Gulf region will witness a special attention by China which has become the second country in the world in terms of the amount of its consumption of energy sources and that the Arab region owns two thirds of the proven oil reserves. This will motivate China to adopt various strategies commensurate with the importance of the countries of the region. Especially China has begun linking its national security and vital interests to the security of the Arab Gulf .