PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS AND THE CHARACTERISTICS AND SKILLS OF A SUCCESSFUL POLITICAL ANALYST
Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences,
2021, Volume 10, Issue Issue 37 part 1, Pages 258-290
AbstractThe origins of public policy analysis go back to systems analysis, which was defined according to the Maryam Webster Dictionary as (the process of studying and analyzing governmental action in order to define its goals and objectives and create systems and procedures that achieve them. However, systems analysis was used in studies of war and national defense issues in. The United States of America since the early seventies, after which there were calls to improve this tool and update it in order to use it in internal policies and planning the public budget, more and more attention to analyzing governmental work, and thus studies of public policy analysis emerged as a different and field and as a political, academic and societal need.Policy analysis is a means of understanding the causes of problems and proposing solutions through policies in order to achieve a specific goal, and it is a set of methods and standards adopted to analyze governmental policy options and rationalize and develop governmental performance in a manner that achieves effectiveness in facing society's problems.The analysis of public policies according to the scientific methods that have been developed in the best universities and centers of studies and research in the world, especially the American institutes, will contribute to a better understanding of governmental policies by enabling these policies and developing their effectiveness in addressing public problems in society.
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