THE DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT IN LIGHT OF THE BALANCE BETWEEN THE POWERS: A STUDY WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE IRAQI CONSTITUTION 2005
Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences,
2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 38 part 2, Pages 30-46
AbstractThe Iraqi legislator adopted the parliamentary system in the constitution 2005, the parliamentary system includes the balance between the legislative and executive authorities, this balance is achieved when both authorities have a means of mutual influence. Where, the means of influence that the legislative authority has towards the executive authority is the withdrawal of confidence, while the means that the executive authority has is terminating the House of Representatives. These two means are a weapon that one possesses against the other, this assists in ensuring the balance between the executive and legislative authorities. States around the world have included such balance in their constitutional texts, with varied dealing with the issue of dissolution of the parliament. this depends on number of reasons including the philosophy of the constitution, the nature of the political system and the extent of achieving the balance between the authorities of the state. The disagreement between the government and parliament is the main reason which might lead to the pursuit of the terminating Parliament by the execution authority. So that, this research examines the issue of the dissolution of parliament as an efficient means to keep balance between the two authorities.
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