Human justice is not absolute justice, it is relative justice. The judge, although fair, is exposed in his work to error and right. The trial stage is one of the most important stages of the criminal case. This stage is the conviction of the criminal judge based on the evidence before him. , And because the importance of the criminal case does not stand at the parties, but that in the field of criminal action, we face an issue that concerns the community in general.
This study was conducted according to three demands: the first, is the concept of penal rule, the second, is the formal requirements for the validity of the provisions, and the third is the objective conditions for the health of the rulers, ie, the parts of the penal judgment.