The crime of recruiting children in armed conflict ( A comparative study )
Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences,
2015, Volume 4, Issue 15 part 2, Pages 600-645
exposed a child who has not attained the age of eighteen, by virtue of their circumstances and the modern age and the tenderness of their promises to the risk of recruiting more than others in places of conflict by militias or countries, and this is not new it has involved children from previous centuries in military campaigns as soldiers or drummers drums of war in yards wars in Europe, and in the Second World War for children was a role in the resistance in Europe movements and subjected to campaigns deportation after being arrested or detained in the camps, but the years following the Second World War was marked by the emergence of methods of conflict where the armies facing armed groups and guerrilla warfare and conflict ethnic or even of the same race, civilians and mingled with combatants and it is common to see children, even very young of them, in the fields of fighting heavily armed and ready for use in various images, is the problem of recruitment or use of children in military operations have become a global phenomenon, as there are suicide bombers Children In many countries, as we have observed in Iraq by Daash For example, the children are working as members of the armed gangs in Colombia and fighters without the tenth in Afghanistan, Sudan, when what has been the recruitment of children or the adoption of their involvement in the fighting, the training being in a manner designed to break the links with their families and their communities and change moral values, all under the pretext of "teaching them how to fight." Many of these children are forced to participate in the murder of their family members in order to "learn the skin, cruelty and become tough fighters" by their leaders claimed on.
Although not possible to count the number of child soldiers in armed conflicts around the world, it is the countries accused of committing the most serious crime against all of humanity, to kill her for the childhood dreams in the bud and buried in the tombs of armed conflict; therefore it has become the phenomenon of recruitment of child soldiers in signed armed conflicts large in the hearts of humanitarian workers, including legal in recent years, especially after the increasing number of child soldiers in the ranks of the government armed forces or militias and armed groups opposed to the state, as children are recruited in many ways, they hate the recruitment or recruited by recruiting battalions or kidnapped or may be forced to join armed groups to defend their families, and often arbitrarily children are picked up from the streets or schools or shelters for orphans recruited institutions. There are those who volunteer as a result of brainwashing campaigns carried out by the officials to them.
And varied jobs churning out to children during their recruitment or presence with the armed forces, they may be porters, spies, cooks, and ultimately end up on the front lines of the fighting or to blow up the mine fields, and children are often the soldiers harsh sanctions by their leaders if they are inattentive or have defaulted in the performance of their duties or fail to military exercises or for not obeying orders or to surrender to their childhood and their quest for fun and play or to escape from their teams or armed their communities, have children become savages because of the violence that associates it without the will or perception which makes them war criminals, actually has been proven not to be limited recruitment to males only, but there are many females recruited and Icherkn in the fighting or to serve the soldiers, often using for cooking and sexual services, this is the recruitment of children from the worst forms of child labor in spite of many of the governments failure to recognize this fact, It is also given the hazardous nature of this work which is harmful to young children's health and threaten their safety and affect their morale.
May we act in our present analytical methodology compared, through texts and conventions and agreements that came with this particular analysis, it was compared with other laws.
As for the research plan we have been divided by the two sections, as we discussed in the first section in the nature of the crime of recruitment of children in armed conflicts and in the two demands. In the first we discussed the concept and the reasons, but in the second section has touched research to prevent the recruitment of children in armed conflict and in the two demands, in I looked at the first legal evidence to prevent the recruitment of children in armed conflict, and in the second dealt with the realism of evidence to prevent the recruitment of children in armed conflict, and Khtmanha conclusion shows the most important conclusions and recommendations that we reached through our research.
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