Civil Accountability of Environmental Damages and their Insurance from the Legal Perspective The essence of this research is a finding for the basis of civil accountability of the environmental damages in the Iraqi laws. This paper clarifies that Law of the Protection of the Environment according to which other codes issued may lack to an explicit basis neither do they include a clear legal text on civil responsibilities. It has been discussed extent to which the general rules in replenishing the legislative gap has been sufficient. We have clarified the most significant legal basis in the Iraqi Civil Code and the ways by which the issue can be solved. The research in its second part covers the estimation of the compensation size for the environmental damages and their insurance.