This study under the title (political rights of women between contemporary Islamic trends) discusses the women’s role and position through the lens of various trends in modern Islam. This study tries to present modern views in Islamic thought about obstacles in front of women's participation in the political life. This issue is important to examine because it relates to the exercise of a significant right, which has become a disputed theme between two different trends. First trend insists on legitimate preclude of women's participation according to legitimate evidence which Islam has provided in order to protect women and restricted this right for men only. In contrast, another direction stresses on women's participation in political life based on legitimate principles and evidences. This trend is not only allowing the participation of women, but also insists that women’s participation in the life of politics is obligatory. At the same time, it replies to the classic trend. In the result of analyzing these two directions, this study wants to answer the difficulties in front of women's political participation and exercise of political rights. The significant of this study is from two aspects:-
1- this subject has theoretical values, because there were not enough theoretical discussions in political thought. It has become an important topic to study only in the aspect of jurisprudential, not in the aspect of political thought.
2- this study presents different views about the theme and evaluates these views between those who provide texts and evidence about proscription of women's political participation, and others who believe that the exercise of women's political right is a religious demand.
Based on research methodology this study has divided into three main sections, with introduction and conclusion, as following:
First section: clarification the concepts of political rights
Second section: study and classification of Islamic contemporary trends.
Third section: study of women’s political rights between the attitudes of Islamic contemporary directions.