Keywords : Iraq

Paradiplomacy of the Kurdistan Region after 2003; present and future

Dana. A. Salih; Bakhan .A. Najmalddin

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2016, Volume 5, Issue 18 part 1, Pages 475-534

This research discusses the essential but sensitive subject of paradiplomacy in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq after 2003, with regard to the present and the future. It attempts to seek answers to the main question facing the Region regarding paradiplomacy as a means for achieving an independent state, and to extent the Kurdistan Region has used this mechanism successfully to achieve this aim. In order to answer this question, the study will focus on paradiplomacy in the region from 2003 until today, by examining various scenarios and to project Kurdistan Region’s future. The conclusion is that the Kurdistan Region -with all comments- that is able to use paradiplomacy as an effective mechanism at both regional and international levels, and in this way, the KRG has taken a step closer to independence, but to achieve success in the future, all its departments of democracy must be strengthened and to become more powerful it must become more successful in paradiplomacy.

Iraq's foreign policy between strategy and human capital and knowledge

Kder.A.Atwan; Kahtan.A.Ahmed

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 15 part 1, Pages 449-481


Iraq's foreign policy: relations between strategy and human capital and knowledge

Foreign policy is aimed at protecting the interests of the state, and the order of the external environment, in order to serve the national goals, and come up for discussion several issues related to foreign policy, including:
Who makes foreign policy, and how?
And how is the order of the external environment?
What are the means that are used, in achieving the goals of foreign policy? ...
In this research, the focus was on the relationship between:
Human resources, working in the foreign policy field
-Foreign policy work methods
- Strategy, how to plan for the implementation of foreign policy.
In this research, the focus was on Iraq, as an example of a country needs to mature foreign policy, and attention to the involvement of academics, in foreign policy-making process.
Find and treatment of points, that: the ability of official bodies, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on the effective foreign policy, industry, and the implementation of a successful foreign policy, without the use of academic institutions.
Find discussed, secured, through four points:
1--challenges facing Iraq
2--effectiveness of Iraq's foreign policy
3--how can be activated: the performance of Iraqi foreign policy
4--post academics in making Iraqi politics

Bilateral federal legislative power in Iraq and obstacles created the need

SHalaw.S.Abd Alrhman; Sleman.K.Mhmood

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 14 part 1, Pages 175-209


Iraqi state is considered under Article I of the Constitution of 2005, a federal state, and under the Constitution itself the Iraqi federal legislative power shall consist of two chambers, called the first of the Council House of Representatives name and represents a turn of the Iraqi people and the various classes, and called the second Council Federation Council, which in turn represents the regions and governorates that are not organized in a region, and is different from the two chambers under the rules of the Iraqi Constitution in terms of how the composition and terms of reference prescribed each, texts contained in the Iraqi constitution may between how to configure the House of Representatives and select the terms of reference and clearly, while leaving all matters relating to the Federation Council in terms of how the organization and terms of reference for the House of Representatives for the latter to organize the Federation Council through the enactment of a law to that issue two-thirds of the members of the House of Representatives with the consent of, this is compared to the constitutions federal states the US such as the constitution and the German and French violation of explicit and clear the basic constitutional principles, because the issue of the organization of the Federal Council and determine the terms of reference is one of the issues under the framework of constitutional terms of reference do not fall within the terms of reference of the House of Representatives. We were referred through this study to the obstacles that stand in the formation of the Iraqi Federation Council barrier.