Keywords : criminal liability


Fadhil A. Al. Dulami

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 35 part 1, Pages 139-169

The advancement of science and knowledge and the innovations that it presented to mankind were to be harnessed for the sake of human service and welfare, but the matter contradicted the love of influence, control and domination, so the scientific achievements were distorted from their aspirations, but the purpose of their innovation might be to cause others to subjugate and force them to submit and submit. This is the negative side (the oppressor). But the urgent need and mental awareness of the fatal catastrophes of the international societies in the future for political, economic and social entities, resulting from the depletion of traditional resources of energy (oil, gas, coal), went towards harnessing science to achieve its utilitarian goal in securing the life requirements of the inhabitants of the globe, including nuclear energy, But even utilitarian (peaceful) use and goodwill from taming this dangerous form of energy generates damages and risks that affect the various aspects of life, which led to national and international legislation in determining international and national responsibility (criminal, civil, administrative), for any negative effects of using This type of energy, and facing it either by making reparation or removing the danger and holding the accountant accountable even if he does not have the natural personality of responsibility, it may be and this is often the subject of our research. The responsible person is legally assumed (company, institution, state) created by the work environment, and responsibility is attached to him In its direct and indirect form, that is the modern endeavor in the face of the new criminalizing images related to the progress of science and the development of societies


Caesar S.Younes Al-Herbawi

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 35 part 2, Pages 105-141

There is no medical alternative to blood, it is one of the elements that cannot continue life without him based on this basis made efforts by the owners of medicine and science efforts to transfer it to those who need it directly and then evolved to save it for a period of time and give it to patients and injured and thus established specialized centers called Blood banks have been inflicted on hospitals. They are public moral persons, but it is beating whenever this person is private after the legislator has approved the establishment of private hospitals, but the establishment of private blood banks, thus resulting in negative consequences for people as a result of irresponsible blood transfusions or deliberate transfer of contaminated blood Raises the problem of the official Criminal and the presence of the legislative organization of operations related to the transfer of blood and found that the legal basis on which it held This responsibility, the type of punishment that must be inflicted and the extent of its proportionality


Bara M. Abdul Latif; Nawras R. Taha

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue Issue المؤتمر الافتراضی الاول / الجزء الاول, Pages 153-166

In order to reduce the spread of the Corona virus and to minimize the negative effects of it, the role of penal law must be activated against those who transmit HIV infection. In addition, the means of intimidation must be activated for those who violate orders or instructions at times. The study highlights the fact that, in the case of the United States, the United States is not the only country that is not a country that is not the only country to be able to do so The crime of intentionally spreading the virus of Corona and the crime of mistake in spreading the virus of Corona. It also violates preventive legal measures to reduce the epidemic.