Keywords : pandemic


THE LEGAL ADAPTATION OF CORONA PANDEMIC AND ITS IMPACT ON INTERNATIONAL CONTRACTS’ OBLIGATION

Samah H. Al-Janabi

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue Issue المؤتمر الافتراضی الاول / الجزء الاول, Pages 68-78

Corona pandemic is a global pandemic according to the world health organization and most of the life facilities stopped. Because of most countries declared a state of general emergency. There is no doubt about it. This pandemic has disrupted most of economic areas commercial and SOA. The internal and external contracts have been affected. We will explain that effect on the international contracts, But first we must know the legal adjustment and the appropriate for it .we have considered the pandemic as a force majeure it makes commitment impossible.so the commitment ends or an emergency makes the commitment is very difficult to the party which its bound. Accordingly ,the competent judge intervenes, who the rules of jurisdiction indicated or the arbitrator chosen by the two parties to amend the obligations of both sides and make it reasonable extent.

CORONA PANDEMIC BETWEEN THE IMPACT ON CIVIL CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND FUNDAMENTAL GUARANTEES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW DURING PANDEMICS

Nayef A. Dahi; Moj I. Khalaf

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue Issue المؤتمر الافتراضی الاول / الجزء الاول, Pages 124-136

We discussed in this research the topic "Corona pandemic between influencing civil contractual obligations and fundamental guarantees of international humanitarian law during pandemics", and the research was divided into two requirements, where we knew this pandemic, and we explained its damages, and we determined the extent to which the theorems of emergency conditions and the force majeure apply to the Corona pandemic in its impact On contractual obligations, in the first requirement. As for the second requirement, we dealt with the basic guarantees of international humanitarian law during the Corona pandemic, as we outlined the needs of health professionals during the pandemic, as well as the needs of salt societies for water and humanitarian relief, and strengthening protection for people at risk in particular, detainees, internally displaced persons, migrants, and students Asylum and refugees, children and education, the sanctions regime and other restrictive measures.In the conclusion, we discussed the most important conclusions and proposals in this regard.