Keywords : Parliament


CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY OF MEMBERS

Muhammad Hussain Muhammad Al-Hamdani

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 38 part 1, Pages 118-144

Most countries, in their internal legislation represented by constitutions or penal laws, exempt members of the House of Representatives from being subject to the penal code for considerations of public interest, with explicit provisions, to protect them against forms of abuse, threats and reprisals, whether by other authorities or by individuals. Therefore, members of Parliament may commit criminal acts in which the conditions for establishing penal responsibility are fulfilled, but the existence of immunity may prevent it from being established against them in an absolute and permanent manner to ensure that they express their opinions and ideas freely and independently, and it is called objective immunity here.

THE DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT IN LIGHT OF THE BALANCE BETWEEN THE POWERS: A STUDY WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE IRAQI CONSTITUTION 2005

Dr.Okab ahmed mohammed

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 38 part 2, Pages 30-46

The Iraqi legislator adopted the parliamentary system in the constitution 2005, the parliamentary system includes the balance between the legislative and executive authorities, this balance is achieved when both authorities have a means of mutual influence. Where, the means of influence that the legislative authority has towards the executive authority is the withdrawal of confidence, while the means that the executive authority has is terminating the House of Representatives. These two means are a weapon that one possesses against the other, this assists in ensuring the balance between the executive and legislative authorities. States around the world have included such balance in their constitutional texts, with varied dealing with the issue of dissolution of the parliament. this depends on number of reasons including the philosophy of the constitution, the nature of the political system and the extent of achieving the balance between the authorities of the state. The disagreement between the government and parliament is the main reason which might lead to the pursuit of the terminating Parliament by the execution authority. So that, this research examines the issue of the dissolution of parliament as an efficient means to keep balance between the two authorities.

THE BASIC CRITERIA OF SELECTING THE PROPER ELECTION SYSTEM-IRAQ AS A SAMPLE- Quoted

Shorsh H.Omer; Mariwan A.Ali

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 36 part 2, Pages 369-399

The content of this research relates to the basic criteria that should be taken into consideration during the selection of an electoral system for a country. These standards are based on international treaties, agreements and UN decisions. These standards are international standards that should be taken into consideration by the states during their selection of the electoral system. The selection process of the electoral system and the various ways of selection of the electoral system are affected according to the circumstances experienced by the country concerned. At the same time a number of suggestions are provided to the Iraqi legislators to consider in order to reform the current electoral system.

THE RIGHT TO VOTE FOR PARLIAMENT MEMBERS

Abdullah A. Muhammad

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 36 part 2, Pages 233-263

The right of vote for parliament members is the means by which they can express and express their will and opinions in the matters that are presented to them and fall within their competence to make decisions in the interest of the people as their representatives. Hence the importance of the right to vote for members of parliament as the final result of the members' To enact laws and control the work of the executive authority, so should exercise this right away from any breach or prejudice to achieve the purpose for which it was found, which is to achieve the interests of the people as seen by the member of Parliament freely and independently, Study to examine the concept of this right in terms of its definition or its characteristics, nature and the basis on which in addition to the identification of cases of prejudice to its prescribed guarantees and then his conclusion represents the most important findings of the study.

IMPURITIES OF CORRUPTION IN THE WORK OF LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITY (A STUDY IN LIGHT OF THE 2005 CONSTITUTION INFORCE)

Majid N.Idan Al-Jubouri

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 35 part 2, Pages 309-329

The Legislation power may be the important one among the three powers of the state due to holding the crucial duty Which is unavoidable within the State. This duty represented in acting legislations and controlling the performance of the executive power. But if it neglected and become late in exercising it this important Role. Its Function considered a dangerous outcoming of the Corruption which is demolishing the body of the state and society together. As mentioned before, we studied the outcoming of Corruption in function of legislator authority.

COMPETENCY OF FINANCIAL LEGISLATION FOR IRAQI PARLIAMENT IN THE CONSTITUTION OF 2005

Asan S. Nagmaaldeen

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 34 part 1, Pages 33-74

The financial legislation in Iraq relies on a collection of legislations such as the financial management and public debt act no. (95) of 2004. As such, it faces several failures, some of which are due to the inadequacy of the relevant legislation which is adversely affecting the financial legislations. This situation needs a study of its phases to and propose solutions and terms, in particular the states of democracy adopting the separation of powers.