Keywords : Israel


Qahtan Adnan Ahmed

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 38 part 1, Pages 53-66

In fact, the roadmap plan, which was launched by the United States in 2003 and under the supervision of Russia and the European Union on its side, is no longer a real gain for the Palestinians, as it came to activate the Oslo accords with the Israelis, and it aims ultimately at declaring the establishment of the Palestinian state and establishing a comprehensive and final solution. Due to the core issues of disagreement that are represented in Jerusalem, refugees and settlements, but Israel worked to get rid of its obligations in this plan and worked to freeze it, despite international and American attempts calling for the activation of this map, but the Israeli refusal and obstinacy prevented it from being activated, and the worst thing about that is the work of the United States, On moving its embassy to Jerusalem and declaring Jerusalem the eternal capital of Israel, and this matter made it impossible to activate the road map, since Jerusalem is the main pillar on which it cannot be compromised and for its sake, and in the midst of these complicated circumstances we are asking the impossibility of activating the road map between the Palestinians and the Israelis.


Nabel A. Anwar

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 34 part 2, Pages 73-110

A power vacuum in the region has been emerged since the withdrawal of the American presence and due to the contributions of Arab upheavals. The clashes and the disputes in the region is the direct result of this vacancy. The attack on the Saudi Embassy by en masse in Iran was an indicator of the hatred after the execution of Shiite religious figure Nimr al-Nimr who was alleged to have sided with the terrorists in Saudi Arabia. The last example of the conflict between the sides testify the general understanding that the threat to world peace emerging from the Middle East does not only arise from terrorism but also from the danger of Sectarian clash between Muslims which began even earlier than the Arab Spring. Although the roots of the conflict dates back to the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the rising influence of Tehran may be dated back to the overthrownment of Saddam Hussein and the withdrawal of Israel from Lebanon. Starting from Iraq, in 2003, US-led coalition ousted a Sunni-Arab counterweight to Shia-Iran and the geopolitics (It gained importance resulting from the territory under the control of weak states that invites the foreign intervention) of the region had mostly been shaped by Iran since then. The contributions of the withdrawal of the USA from the region and the Arab Spring for the destruction of the existing stability prepared a new power vacuum, which was also filled by Iran.