Keywords : Commitments


RECOGNITION OF THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL PERSONALITY OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

Karim Taha Taher

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 39 part 2, Pages 83-116

In legal thought, legal personality is defined as the ability to acquire rights and bear international obligations , or the ability of t5he concerned unit contribute to creating the rules of international law. Only states enjoyed international legal personality , but after developments in international organization , international organizations become a person of public international law. And whose legal personality begins with the laws recognition of this pe3rsonality , and this personality entails that organization carry out life as a person of public international law until their expiration or demise, and this personality of international organizations is meant to be the capacity to a acquire rights, assume obligations, perform legal actions and file cases before international courts or body international arbitration, the legal personality criterion is based on two elements; that the personality is addressed by the provisions of international legal rules, or the personality is able to create international legal rules in agreement with other legal persons, and the legal personality of t5he international organization is characterized by being a functional personality so that it is limited by the limits of objectives and the functions entrusted to it in accordance with the charter of its establishment and individual in a personal sphere, and this research consists from the international, the two chapters, and the conclusion.

THE LEGAL ADAPTATION OF CORONA PANDEMIC AND ITS IMPACT ON INTERNATIONAL CONTRACTS’ OBLIGATION

Samah H. Al-Janabi

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue Issue المؤتمر الافتراضی الاول / الجزء الاول, Pages 68-78

Corona pandemic is a global pandemic according to the world health organization and most of the life facilities stopped. Because of most countries declared a state of general emergency. There is no doubt about it. This pandemic has disrupted most of economic areas commercial and SOA. The internal and external contracts have been affected. We will explain that effect on the international contracts, But first we must know the legal adjustment and the appropriate for it .we have considered the pandemic as a force majeure it makes commitment impossible.so the commitment ends or an emergency makes the commitment is very difficult to the party which its bound. Accordingly ,the competent judge intervenes, who the rules of jurisdiction indicated or the arbitrator chosen by the two parties to amend the obligations of both sides and make it reasonable extent.