Keywords : protection


CRIMINAL PROTECTION OF HUMAN DIGNITY IN THE FACE OF BIOLOGY APPLICATIONS (IN THE STUDY OF ANGLO - AMERICAN، FRENCH AND IRAQI LAW)

Yasir Mohammed Abdullah; Ali Abdul Abbas Naeem

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue Issue 37 part 2, Pages 83-112

Human enjoy a range of rights that can not live without them and that will preserve and maintain the dignity of what makes him live within the community's security and calm and tranquility، so increased great interest among modern societies in this subject، and preoccupied doctrine and the judiciary also in order to provide the necessary protection، and the intervention of the legislature in turn to dedicate this protection at the international and local level، so that ensured that all international charters and conventions and constitutions in most countries of the world and different internal legislation the subject of human rights in general، as an independent human rights acquired by nature، and which can maintain and protect Crum Its not touch and respect for his humanity and also in front of the acceleration of medical developments T-coming days after the last purpose of which reduce the time and exceeded the usual traditional borders، including morality، which constitutes a barrier to skip it sometimes offense law when it constitutes an attack on human dignity

ACTIVATING OR DISABLING CRIMINAL PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN A STATE OF EMERGENCY

Hoda S.Mohammed Al-Atarqji

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 36 part 1, Pages 1-30

The criminal protection of human rights is a legal insurance for every human being to defend him from any encroach on his rights, but this insurance does not have the same effectiveness in the case of emergency, in that the emergency case is an exceptional state which possibly could stop the work in legal clauses that form the statutory insurances to humans in the criminal law, and this preventing is requirable in order to achieve the balance in human rights between protecting their families and lives on one hand and protecting the authority of the state from any assault or disorder. To investigate in this activating or deactivating could not exist only in the emergency state and it does not in the normal cases because there are no obligations to deactivate the laws and the principles which construct legitimate guarantees for humans in the normal state. Moreover, the problem which emerges in the research is determining the legal clauses that can be activated or deactivated in the case of emergency, and what is the trustable criterion to which they are bound to, and their appropriateness with the rules of the international law in protecting human rights. According to that, it is going to analyze, explain and adapt the legal clauses in the punishment law, the rules of international law, the international conventions, the emergency law and how to search for a legitimate support which may define the rights that hinder their own legitimate clauses which are concerned in protecting them or activate their protection in the emergency case in that to treat the crucial cases that happen in the case of emergency and determine the dependable criterion in this activating or deactivating. It is also has been determined the cases which require a clear, legal treatment so that to activate this right in the emergency state and decide relentless punishments in the case of violating these laws. Furthermore, it has been determined the laws that conflict with the human rights, and the difficulty of this research shows itself when there is no deep study about this subject in a case of emergency because of its sensitivity concerning human rights and the difficulty to have decisions that touch human rights, especially in the state of emergency since most of the work or the authority is going to be in the hands of the military forces. In addition to that, the importance of this research lies in its difficulty and it can be a guideline for human rights commissions to know the illegal infringements regarding human rights in the emergency case. It also functions as a legal civilizing for the citizens to know what is for them and what is on them in the case of emergency; and a legitimate, studious paper presented to executive and juristic governments: the executive authority to know what is for it and what is not in the case of emergency and the legislative authority in order to make adjustments, adding or deleting to the clauses which require to do so in order to coincide with the principles of human rights.

LEGAL PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS (A COMPARATIVE STUDY)

Qadir Ahmed Abd

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 35 part 1, Pages 1-33

The study discusses the legal protection of the environment in international agreements and the provisions of international legal responsibility to prevent damage to the environment in accordance with the international legal rules contained in international treaties and the resolutions and recommendations of international organizations issued to address environmental damage. Before entering into the subject of our research, We also referred to the protection of the natural environment in the light of international law. In our study, The International Organization for the Protection of the Environment from Damage Caused by States, Individuals or International Companies, and some conclusions drawn from our research indicate a tendency to mention a number of recommendations and suggestions which I deem necessary to ensure more effective legal protection of the environment in international environmental law and the statement of legal sanctions Whether in the air, land or sea environment, whether during peace or war, with reference to the position of the Iraqi legislator regarding his concern for the environment at the international level and what he should take to address the damage to the environment Naturalization of Iraq.

MEANS OF PROTECTING THE RIGHT TO PEACEFUL PROTEST AND THE BILL OF LAW ABOUT FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, ASSEMBLY AND DEMONSTRATION

Nagham h. alshawi

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 34 part 1, Pages 308-340

With the rise of the waves of demonstrations sweeping the Middle East and Arab countries in particular, it is imperative for all countries to enact laws that take it upon themselves to regulate the right to peaceful demonstrations, and how to exercise it by citizens, as well as to provide the necessary protections for demonstrators exercising their right to demonstrate. And assembly and expression of opinion and the demand of their natural rights and the rights stipulated by the constitution and other laws, and Iraq like other countries should legislate a law on the right to peaceful protest was a draft law freedom of expression of opinion and meeting and peaceful demonstration, which has not been seen since 2014 and even Today, we have passed some of its texts with some analysis and discussion, publicly we are asking the legislator to draft this law and direct it the right face that I want him to approach, since we did not find among his texts effective protection for the demonstrators, but relied on the rest of the laws in providing them, but on the other hand he expanded on the side of imposing restrictions on To the citizens and to impose sanctions on them if they cause harm or commit an act is a crime.

CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL PROTECTION OF THE RIGHT TO HEALTH

Ahmed k. Hussein al-dakhil; Adnan d. mahdi

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue Issue المؤتمر الافتراضی الاول / الجزء الاول, Pages 91-106

This research sheds light on the right to health, especially after the health crisis caused by the spread of the new Corona virus, which had a great impact on highlighting its importance and taking care of it and the need to provide legal protection for it, whether including those protections established in international conventions, national constitutions, or regular and subsidiary legislation, after That the existence of mankind, but the global existence, has become threatened by this virus, especially after its widespread spread in all countries of the world and its killing of hundreds of thousands of people and its continuing to reap the lives of human beings without distinguishing between the rich and the poor and between belonging to a developing country and a developed country, which makes those legal rules that provide protection in This matter is at stake, and puts it on the discussion table and presents it for criticism and analysis, especially since there are no signs on the horizon for the ebb and flow of this disease, so the discovery of a treatment and a vaccine for it from health and research institutions is still uncertain until now.