Salah Hassan Ahmed

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 33 part 2, Pages 1-49

Political upbringing plays a crucial role in party affiliation because it carries out in political education for the public especially the new generation and the marketing of ideas, ideologies and political beliefs through a number of official and non–official agencies which constitute basic elements in the social structure of the state and society، starting with the primary group represented by the family and the group of companionship and through the secondary group represented in professional unions popular associations، civil society organization and non- governmental organizations ending in education media and modern means of communication such as social networking sites and others. There are several types of this type of formation، including direct patterns that the guidance to be transferred with a purely political content، which is the simulation and the acquisition of experiences from the most prominent images and thus it is a deliberate process goal and phenomenon of land marks. The other type is the indirect patterns، which represent the stage of transition to the personality of individuals in their lives، which is focused on the transfer of tendencies and trends relation to informal situations to political issues. There are many motives call for adopting this type of development such as the process of acculturation control and learning from roles. The agencies and institutions responsible for this kind of formation depend on arrange of methods to reach their goals in political education and political behavior including the method of temptation which depend on the release of a number of material and moral privileges of the person who wishes to initiate to the membership of a party as well as the method of coercion based on the policy of coercion and threat and intimidation in the denial of the enjoyment of legitimate rights or the practice of harassment and oppression of the opponents to join the ranks of parties to power as in the societies governed by totalitarian and dictatorial regimes in addition to the method of persuasion based on the need for absolute faith in the ideas and objectives of a particular party without another away from personal goals and self-benefits.