Keywords : China


Mechanisms for activating cooperation in Iraqi-Chinese relations

Amer Hashim Awad

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2022, Volume 11, Issue issue 40 part 2, Pages 31-65

The discussion dealt with activating the mechanisms of Iraqi-Chinese cooperation, based on the many motives that push the two parties to adopt cooperative relations at the strategic level.China always welcomes Iraq to establish long-term relations with it, and this interacts positively with China's project or strategy for the current century called the Belt and Road, and also greatly serves Iraqi interests, if we take into account the great international standing that China has acquired in the current century and is nominated because Leading the world after two decades or more.However, one of the things that will continue to hinder this is the American attempts to abort that, and we have in the late completion of the construction of the Grand Port of Faw a clear indication that there are those who do not want Iraq to develop or develop its international relations with parties that the United States considers competitors.The Iraqi decision-maker is greatly required to go to China to activate the Strategic Framework Agreement that he signed with him, and when I was present at the Security Conference in the Middle East that was held by the Chinese Institute for Studies in cooperation with the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the period November 27-28, 2019, the reasons for the delay in the transformation were presented. To the joint cooperation strategy, the Chinese said that we have done so constantly and we hope the Iraqi side will take this decision, and others should understand that we do not compete with them as much as we have development plans directed to friendly countries and that China does not have any ambitions for global domination, as it is still a country that wants growth.So,If the economic side has achieved excellent leaps in the size of the financial return, then we urgently need to expand other forms of cooperation, so we need to open larger commercial attachés, and we also need to strengthen the role of the cultural attaché, which I found very weak during my presence there in 2015, as well as expanding all areas of cooperation.

THE OIL CHANGE AND ITS IMPACT ON THE CHINESE FOREIGN POLICY TOWARDS THE ARAB GULF REGION (Quoted)

Azhar Abdullah Hassan; Safaa Hussein Ali; Mohammed Abbas Abdul Hassan

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue Issue 37 part 1, Pages 465-494

In this thesis we show the importance of the oil variable in the Chinese foreign policy towards the Arab Gulf region especially after the growing strength of China and the growing of political, economic and military role . They growing position in the international political system and China seeks to achieve a set of aims that enable it to continue the process of modernization, economic progress and maintain world peace. The thesis starts in the problematic of conflicting opinions on the future of China and the role that can China play in the international arena, particularly in the Arab Gulf. We assume in this research that oil variable has a great influence on Chinese foreign policy towards the Arab Gulf region. This variable has given a set of motives and interests that exist between China and the countries in the Arab Gulf region. There is a direct relationship between oil variable and Chinese policy towards the Arab Gulf. The results of this research denotes that China adopt an effective and influential foreign policy towards the countries of Arab Gulf region in a Manner consistent with both size and intensity of Chinese interests in that vital region of the world. The Arab Gulf region will witness a special attention by China which has become the second country in the world in terms of the amount of its consumption of energy sources and that the Arab region owns two thirds of the proven oil reserves. This will motivate China to adopt various strategies commensurate with the importance of the countries of the region. Especially China has begun linking its national security and vital interests to the security of the Arab Gulf .

THE INTERNATIONAL POSITION ON THE ROHINGYA ISSUE

Hameed F. Hasan

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2021, Volume 10, Issue issue 36 part 2, Pages 150-188

Violence is a humanly unacceptable behavior, and countries and international organizations often fall into denunciation and condemnation, starting with the gradual initiation of punitive measures, politically and economically, to coercive (military) measures within the framework of international humanitarian intervention to protect the targeted parties from violence. However, the undesirable becomes desirable or ignored when it is a means of changing or stabilizing desirable geopolitical or demographic situations. This is evident in the overwhelming violence experienced against Rohingya Muslims. Silence or mere expressions of sorrow and anxiety were characteristics of international attitudes. But the escalation of violence has forced the international community to act, albeit at minimal levels. This paper seeks to clarify the reality of the state's attitudes, particularly the global and regional ones, towards this human tragedy, and to elucidate the reasons behind the weakness and shortcomings of most countries, especially the Arab and Islamic, in support of the brothers of religion and belief

THE PAINFUL HUMAN TRAGEDY OF THE ROHINGYA MUSLIMS AND THE CONTENTION OF INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL FORCES

Naguib A.Negm

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2020, Volume 9, Issue issue 35 part 2, Pages 69-104

The roots of the painful human tragedy of Rohingya Muslims are old and systematic despite condemnations, denunciations and threats of sanctions by the international community. Myanmar’s important geopolitical position plays a key role in identifying regional and international conflict forces within political and economic intersections.The question is whether the conflict is sectarian (Buddhist/Muslim) or regional (Chinese/Indian) or international (Western American/Chinese) and can the Islamic world find solutions to this tragedy? what are the options of the Myanmar government? And what are the future scenarios for this tragedy?

China's maritime strategy and its impact on regional security

Youins.M.Younis

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2017, Volume 6, Issue 23 part 2, Pages 59-114

ABSTRACT :
Each state seeks to protect itself and its national interests through a range of strategies adopted by. China , as a regional and international power, adopted a naval strategy for the defense of the proximal and distal seas to suit its location and its position in the international system to be great naval power; and now, it is the largest regional naval power in Asia after the United States to prevent neighbouring countries from thinking of approaching its national interests or even the threat to these interests ; therefore, China formed appropriate military naval power for this strategy to protect the energy transmission lines the which it relies on to continue its economic growth and dispose of the goods and products. So, This strategy had a great effect of the regional security by increasing military spending and arms race nautical especially countries that have vital interests in the south and east of China Sea and disputes of sovereignty over the islands, which each of them claims as subordinate to it especially states that compete with them on the regional leadership, which have a security treaty with the United States, which is worked on adopting a rebalancing strategy in Asia. So, each state of the regional neighbouring countries tries to respond to this strategy in its own way that preserves its national security.

China's Powers and its impact in the reality and the future of the international system

Khder.A.Atwan; Khtan.A.Aljbory

Journal of college of Law for Legal and Political Sciences, 2016, Volume 5, Issue 17 part 2, Pages 900-937

Abstract
China is a major power in the international system, is expected to grow its power in the future. Today, China's leading roles in that system, and keep track of political behaviour is dominated by the cooperation and competition, but in the future is expected to be predominantly the behaviours of the conflict in the interaction with the international system, because China is going to be a force complaisantly. This shift will impact on the international system as a whole, by virtue of what is owned by China, and is expected to possess the strength in the coming years.